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Stanisław Kazuro

Stanisław Kazuro


Stanisław Kazuro, born on 1 August 1881 in Teklinapol, died on 30 November 1961 in Warsaw. He was a Polish pedagogue, conductor, composer and organiser. Kazuro studied under Z. Noskowski and M. Surzyński at the Institue of Music in Warsaw, then under G. Scambati and V. d’Indy at the Academy of Saint Cecilia, concurrently listening to the lectures on music history and philosophy at the Sorbonne. After the return he settled in Warsaw, where in 1914 he was an organist and conductor at the Holy Trinity Church and organised Folk Opera of the Association of Christian Workers. He was organising courses for music teachers at the comprehensive schools from 1915. In 1916 Kazuro became a kapellmeister of Warsaw Philharmonic, where he established an oratorio choir which was probably active from 1918 to 1934, organised again by Kazuro. In 1916 he also founded the Choir of 300 Powiśle Children, which was transformed into the rorantist ensemble performing works by the Polish and Italian composers of the 16th and 17th century. The ensemble existed to 1919. Over the period 1917-1939 he was a professor at Warsaw Conservatory, where he was the chair of the newly created solfège course, and was teaching conducting, counterpoint and singing. In 1920, as an officer, he was taking part in the Polish-Soviet War. In 1922, he organised the choir, formed by Warsaw Conservatory students, called Polska Kapela Ludowa (Polish Folk Band), with which he was performing a lot and made numerous recordings. In 1927, thanks to Kazuro’s efforts, the department of teaching for music teachers at the comprehensive school was founded at Warsaw Conservatory. In 1925, he was actively participating in organising the Warsaw Music Society section of contemporary Polish composers. From 1930 to 1931, he was the director of the seminar for music teachers at Warsaw Conservatory, and over the period 1932-1939 he was a member of the scientific and artistic board of the Conservatory. From 1939 to 1944, Kazuro headed a secret conservatory and initiated “afternoon moments of classical music” for the citizens of Powiśle. After the Warsaw Uprising he was staying in Cracow. In 1945, Kazuro initiated the rebuilding of the Warsaw Conservatory (from 1946 the Higher State School of Music) and was its rector to July 1951. He received the music award of Warsaw twice, in 1937 and 1950.

Adam Mrygoń, Encyclopedia of Music PWM, KLŁ