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Eugeniusz Morawski

Eugeniusz Morawski


Morawski, Dąbrowa-Morawski, Eugeniusz, bron 2 XI 1876 London, died 23 X 1948 Warsaw, Polish composer, pedagogue and painter. In the years 1899-1904 he studied at the Music Institute in Warsaw with A. Sygietyński (piano) and Z. Noskowski (composition); during his years of study Morawski formed an intimate friendship with M.K. Čiurlionis.

In 1903, Morawski enrolled in J. Kauzik’s Drawing Class, and in 1904 he joined the newly formed School of Fine Arts in Warsaw, where until 1907 he was a student of K. Krzyżanowski (portrait), F. Ruszczyc (landscape) and K. Tichy (applied art); along with Čiurlionis he participated in expeditions organized by the university to Arcadia (1904), Zwierzyniec (1905), Istebna (1906); they both went to the Caucasus (1905). At the same time, from 1903, Morawski was active in militant organizations in the Revolutionary Faction of the Polish Socialist Party. On 3 November 1907 he was arrested for his involvement in preparing an attack on the police and sentenced to four years of exile to Siberia, but thanks to the efforts of his father, the punishment was changed to emigration beyond the borders of the Russian empire. In 1908, Morawski went to Paris where he studied with A. Gédalge (counterpoint), and C. Chevillard (instrumentation); he also studied painting at the Académie Julian, and then sculpture at the Académie Colarossi with E.A. Bourdelle.

In 1930 he returned to Poland, in March that year he became Director of the Conservatory in Poznan, and in June - Director of Secondary School at the Conservatory in Warsaw. In the years 1932-1939, after the reorganization of the institution, he was Rector of the State Conservatory of Music and taught instrumentation there. During World War II he taught at the S. Kazuro secret Conservatory. In 1944, he stayed with his sister in Ruda Pabianice, where he taught music. In 1948 he returned to Warsaw. Morawski was a founding member of the Société des Artistes Polonais in Paris (1909), the National Opera Society (1932), the Chopin Institute (1934); he sat on competition juries, programming and artistic committees. He received the MWRiOP music prize for his ballet Świtezianka (1933); was honoured, among others with the Officer's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta (1933), the Independence Medal (1933), the Golden Laurel of the Polish Academy of Literature (1938).